Sterling Ruby (born 1972) is an American artist who works in a wide range of aesthetic and material strategies, from sculptures made of saturated, glossy, poured polyurethane, bronze and steel, to drawings, collages, richly glazed ceramics, spray-paint paintings, photography and video, as well as textile works that include quilts, tapestries, garments and soft sculptures.

He was born on an American military base in Bitburg, Germany to a Dutch mother and an American father. He received a BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and an MFA from Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California.

Ruby has cited a diverse range of sources and influences including aberrant psychologies, urban gangs and graffiti, hip-hop culture, craft, masculinity, violence, public art and civic monuments, prisons, globalization, American domination and decline, waste and consumption.

Even as his work deals with issues related to the violence and pressures within society, and art history, it also reflects his personal biography. In his work, he vacillates between the fluid and static, the minimalist and expressionistic, the hard and the soft, the pristine and the defaced. His voracious cycling through materials and subject matter has given rise to numerous recurring series and extended bodies of work.

Ruby has exhibited at institutions including the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Toyota Municipal Museum of Art, Tokyo; Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Drawing Center, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature, Paris, France; Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens, Ghent, Belgium; FRAC Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France, Centre d’Art Contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland; Bonniers Konsthall, Stockholm, Sweden; and Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Rome, Italy.

Public collections include Museum of Modern Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Hammer Museum, Los Angeles; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; Tate Modern, London; Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; and Moderna Museet, Stockholm.

In 2014, Ruby exhibited at the Taipei Biennial, the Gwangju Biennial, and the Whitney Biennial. His work was included in the biennial MADE IN L.A. 2016 at the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, and he was the subject of a solo exhibition at the Winterpalais, Belvedere Museum, Vienna, Austria in 2016.